Tuesday, November 10, 2009

1446 to 582 BC

Bible Time Line - Part 3
1446 B.C. - 582 B.C.

Wilderness Wanderings

18 April 1446 BC

Miracle at Marah

Moses lead the children of Israel out into the Wilderness of Shur. And after three days in the Wilderness they had found no water. When they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters because they were bitter. And the people began to whine and gripe against Moses. So he cried out to the Lord and told him to cast a tree into the waters; he did and the waters were made sweet. Then they moved on and camped at Elim, where there were 12 wells of water and 70 palm trees. [Exo 15: 22-27]

15 May 1446 BC

Wilderness of Sin

Journeying from Elim, all the children of Israel came to the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the 15th day of the 2nd month after they departed from Egypt. Then the whole congregation of the children of Israel whined again against Moses and Aaron. Saying to him, "Oh, that we had died by the hand of the Lord in the Land of Egypt, when we sat by the pots of meat and when we ate bread to the full! For you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger. Then the Lord told Moses He would rain bread from heaven for them. The people shall go out and gather a certain quota every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in My law or not. And it shall be on the 6th day that they shall prepare what they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily." [Exo: 16: 1-14]

14 June 1446 BC

In the 3rd month after the children of Israel had gone out of Egypt, on the same day, they camped before Mt. Sinai. Moses went up Mt. Sinai, but, the people were commanded not to go up to the mountain or touch its base. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death. Moses came down from the mountain.

17 June 1446 BC

God descends on Mt. Sinai

On the 3rd day, in the morning, there were thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain; and the sound of the trumpet was very loud, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled. And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. Now Mt. Sinai was completely in smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. And when the blast of the trumpet sounded long, and became louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by voice. Then the Lord came down upon Mt. Sinai, on the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. God commanded Moses to go back down the mountain, and then come back up bringing Aaron with him. Moses went up the mountain, also Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and 70 elders of Israel, and they saw the God of Israel. And there was under His feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone, and it was like the very heavens in its clarity. [Exo 19: 3-20; 24: 1-10]

Then the Lord said to Moses, "Come up to Me on the mountain and I will give you tablets of stone, and the law and commandments which I have written that you may teach them."Moses arose with his assistant Joshua and told the elders, "Wait here for us until we come back to you." Then Moses went up into the mountain, and a cloud covered the mountain. Now the glory of the Lord rested on Mt. Sinai and the cloud covered it 6 days. [Exo 24:12-16]

24 June 1446 BC

On the 7th day God called Moses out of the midst of the cloud. The sight of the glory of the Lord was like a consuming fire on the top of the mountain in the eyes of the children of Israel. Moses was on the mountain 40 days. The Lord told Moses about the Tabernacle, the Priesthood, sacrifices and everything that went with it. [Exo 24-31]

4 July 1446 BC

When the people saw that Moses delayed coming down from the mountain, they gathered together and came to Aaron, and said to him, "Come make us gods that shall go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him." So Aaron did as they asked, and made for them a golden calf. [Exo 32: 1-6]

Then God told Moses to get down off the mountain for the people have corrupted themselves. When Moses came down off the mountain, the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides, and the writing was the writing of God. As soon as he entered the camp he saw the calf and the dancing. Moses became furious and threw down the tablets and broke them at the foot of the mountain. Then he took the calf which they had made, burned it in the fire, and ground it to powder; and scattered it on the water and made the children of Israel drink it. [Exo 32: 8-20]

5 July 1446 BC

The Lord commanded Moses to make two more stone tablets and bring them to the mountain. Moses was on the mountain with the Lord 40 days and 40 nights, he neither ate nor drank. God re-wrote the 10 commandments.

9 August 1446 BC

The Tabernacle is built

When Moses came down from the mountain he commanded that the Tabernacle be built.

April 1444 BC

The Lord spoke to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai, in the 1st month of the 2nd year after they had come out of Egypt and reminded them of the Passover.

Aaron 85 /Moses 82 / Joshua 65 / Caleb 40

1 May 1444 BC

On the 1st day of the 2nd month, in the 2nd year after they had come out of Egypt, the Lord told Moses and Aaron to take a census of all the congregation of the children of Israel, by their families, by their father's houses, according to the number of names, every male individually from 20 years old and above ~ all who are able to go to war in Israel, except the tribe of Levi. The Levites were in charge of the tabernacle. All who were numbered were 603, 550. [Num 1:1-46]

20 May 1444 BC

Kadesh in the Wilderness of Paran

Now it came to pass on the 20th day of the 2nd month, in the 2nd year, that the cloud was taken up from above the tabernacle of the Testimony. And the children of Israel set out from the Wilderness of Sinai on their journeys; then the cloud settled down in the Wilderness of Paran. [Num 10:11-12]

23 May 1444 BC

The children of Israel had departed from the mountain of the Lord on a journey of 3 days; and the ark of the covenant of the Lord went before them for the 3 days journey, to search for a resting place for them. [Num 10:33]

25 May 1444 BC

Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he married. And they said, "Has the Lord indeed spoken only through Moses? Has He not spoken through us also?" And the Lord heard it. The Lord came down and talked with Miriam and Aaron, when He departed Miriam became leprous, as white as snow. Aaron confessed their sin. Moses cried out to the Lord to heal her. The Lord told them to shut her out of the camp for 7 days. [Num 12:1]

Sometime before 1444 Moses' wife Zipporah died as he has remarried an Ethiopian woman.

1 June 1444 BC

The leprosy is gone and Miriam is back in camp.

2 June 1444 BC

Spies sent to Canaan

The Lord told Moses to send one man from each tribe to Canaan to spy out the land. The descendants of Anak were there. [Num. 13:1-3, 28]

The Anak were giants. Possibly more sons of the "sons of God and the daughters of men." The Bible states that these giants were on the earth both before and after the Flood.

Aaron 85 /Moses 82 / Joshua 65 / Caleb 40 [Jos 14:7]

11 July 1444 BC

The spies return from Canaan

After 40 days of spying out the land of Canaan, the 12 leaders returned to Moses. All but two, Joshua and Caleb, didn't trust the Lord and returned a negative report. They didn't believe that they could "take" Canaan as the Lord had promised. They Lord was furious and said to Moses, "As I live... the carcasses of you who have murmured against Me shall fall in the wilderness, except Joshua and Caleb. According to the number of days in which you spied out the land, 40 days, for each day you shall bear your guilt one year, namely 40 years." [Num 14: 6-34]

1 August 1406 BC

The Death of Aaron on Mt. Hor

The 40 years of wilderness wandering is over. Aaron went up to Mt. Hor at the command of the Lord, and died there in the 40th year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, on the 1st day of the 5th month. Aaron was 123 years old when he died. The whole congregation mourned for him 30 days.[Num 33: 38-39]

Moses 120 / Joshua 103 / Caleb 78

30 August 1406 BC

The time of mourning for Aaron is past.

1 March 1406 BC

Mountains of Abarim in the plains of Moab

Now it came to pass in the 40th year, in the 11th month, on the 1st day of the month, while the children of Israel are camped in the plains of Moab, by the Jordan River across from Jericho that Moses spoke to the children of Israel according to all that the Lord had given him as commandments to them, after he had killed Sihon, king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Hesbon, and Og, king of Bashan who dwelt at Ashtaroth in Edrei.. [Deu 1: 3-4]

King Og, the only remaining giant [Deu 3:11], had an iron bedstead that was 9 cubits long and 4 cubits wide. According to the short cubit, King Og's bed was 13.5 ft in length and 6 ft wide. Also remember the Jewish year begins with April... so March would be the 11th month.

The Death of Moses

Moses died on his 120th birthday on Mt. Nebo. His eyes were not dim nor his natural vigor abated. The children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab for 30 days. [Deu 31:1-1; 32:48-52; 34:7-8]

Sometime before he died, Moses wrote the Torah, the first 5 books of the Bible. He probably learned about the Creation and the Fall from his grandfather Levi. Shem died when Moses' great-great grandfather Isaac was 50 years old. Isaac lived to be 180 years old and would have told his sons, his 12 grandsons, and his granddaughter all about the pre-Flood world. (Moses-Levi-Issac-Shem-Methuselah-Adam)

31 March 1406 BC

So the days of weeping and mourning for Moses ended. Joshua is now the leader of the children of Israel. [Deu 34:8-9]

Joshua sent two spies to Jericho. [Josh 2:1]

3 April 1405 BC

Joshua and the Children of Israel crossed the Jordan River... heading for Jericho. [Josh 3:1]

The Judges

1399 BC

Caleb is 85 years old, he was 40 when Moses sent the spies to Canaan [Jos 14:10]

Joshua died at the age of 110 after he gives the children of Israel their inheritance the promised land. [Jos 24:29]

After Joshua and all the leaders died, the children of Israel began to worship and serve other gods. The Lord became very angry and made them serve King Cushan-Rishathaim of Mesopotamia for 8 years.

1391 BC

The children of Israel cried out and God sent them a deliverer. Othniel, the younger brother of Caleb. He defeated the Mesopotamians and judged the Israelites. [Jud 3:9]

1352 BC

Amenhotep IV "Akhenaten" becomes Pharoah of Egypt.

1351 BC

Othniel died, he had judged Israel for 40 years. After his death the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of God and served and worshiped the Baals and Asherahs. So the Lord gave them into the hand of King Eglon of Moab for 18 years. [Jud 3:8]

1336 BC

Pharoah Akhenaten died. r. 1352-1336. Tutankhamen became pharaoh shortly after Akhenaten’s death. He was only nine years old, but was married to the daughter of Akhenaten and Nefertiti.

1333 BC

The children of Israel again cried out and the Lord sent them Ehud. Ehud killed King Eglon and defeated the Moabites. [Jud 3:16-30]

1327 BC

Pharoah Tutankhamen, the "boy king" never became a "man king" because he died of a head injury only nine years into his rule.

1291 BC

Seti I becomes Pharaoh of Egypt.

1279 BC

Pharaoh Seti I died, Rameses II, his son, becomes Pharaoh of Egypt.

1253 BC

Ehud died, judged Israel for 80 years. [Jud 3:29] After Ehud died the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the Lord. So the Lord sold them into the hand of King Jabin of Canaan who harshly oppressed them for 20 years. [Jud 4:1-3]

And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel. [Jdg 3:31]

1233 BC

When the children of Israel cried out to the Lord, He sent Deborah, a prophetess, who was judging Israel at that time. Deborah, Barak and Jael defeated King Jabin of Canaan and his army. [Jud 4:4-24]

1212 BC

Pharaoh Rameses II died.

1193 BC

Deborah died, and Israel had rest for 40 years. But, again the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord. So He delivered them into the hand of Midian for 7 years. [Jud 5:31; 6:1]

1186 BC

Israel was greatly impoverished because of the Midianites, and the children of Israel cried out to the Lord. the Lord sent Gideon and he defeated the Midianites with 300 men.

1146 BC

Gideon died, and the country was quiet for 40 years in the days of Gideon. [Jud 8:29]

After Gideon died, the children of Israel again were evil in the sight of God in that the men of Shechem gave Abimelech, son of Gideon, 70 shekels of silver from the temple of Baal-Berith. Abimelech hired worthless and reckless men and they followed him. He went to his father's house and killed 70 of his brothers, all except Jotham, the youngest. Then the men of Shechem made Abimelech king.

1143 BC

Abimelech reigned as king over Israel for 3 years. After Abimelech Tola, son of Puah son of Dodo from Issachar, judged Israel. [Jud 9:22; 10:1]

1123 BC

Tola died and was buried in Shamir. He judged Israel for 20 years. After Tola died, Jair, a Gileadite became judge of Israel. [Jud 10:2-3]

1101 BC

Jair died and was buried in Camon. He had judged Israel for 22 years. The children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the Lord, and served the Baals and Ashtoreths, the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Ammon, and the Philistines. So the anger of the Lord was again aroused and He sold them into the hands of the Philistines and Ammonites. They harassed and oppressed Israel for 18 years. [Jud 10:3-8]

1095 BC

Jephthah the Gileadite died. He was judge for 6 years. Ibzan judge of Israel. [Jud 12:7]

1088 BC

Ibzan died and was buried in Bethlehem. He was judge for 7 years. Elon judge of Israel

1083 BC

The Philistines and Ammonites were suppressed. The children of Israel lived in peace all the days of the judges.

1078 BC

Elon died. He judged Israel for 10 years. Abdon judge of Israel. [Jud 12:12-15]

1071 BC

Eli the priest, age 58, is also a judge of Israel. [1 Sam 4:15, 18]

1070 BC

Abdon died, he judged Israel for 8 years. [Jud 13:1]

Again the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord and He delivered them into the hands of the Philistines for 40 years. About this time, the Angel of the Lord appeared to Manoah and his wife and were told that their as yet unborn son Samson would begin to deliver Israel from the Philistines. [Jud 13:1-5]

The Kings of Israel

1050 BC

Samson died, he judged Israel for 20 years. The children of Israel wanted a king over them like the other nations. So the Lord had Samuel anoint Saul as king of Israel. [Jud 16:31; 1 Sam 10:1] 

1038 BC

King Saul did not obey the commands of the Lord, and was rejected as king by God in the 2nd year of his reign. [1 Sam 13:1-14]

1031 BC

When Israel went out to battle the Philistines, the Ark of God was captured and taken to Ashdod and into the temple of Dagon the fish god. When Eli the priest, age 98, heard about the Ark he fell, broke his neck and died. He had judged Israel for 40 years. The Ark was in Ashdod for 7 months [1 Sam 4:15-18; 5:1; 6:1]

1030 BC

The Philistines were ravaged and struck by God with tumors. They couldn't get the Ark of God away from Ashdod fast enough. They sent it by cart to Beth Shemesh. From Beth Shemesh it went to Kirjath Jarim, where it stayed in the house of Abinadab for 20 years. Samuel defeated the Philistines and ended their 40 year oppression of Israel. About this time David, age abt. 10, killed Goliath. [1 Sam 5:1-7, 17:40-48]

1011 BC

The prophet Samuel died. He had judged Israel all his life. He died before King Saul. [1 Sam 28:3]

1010 BC

King Saul consulted a medium instead of the Lord. He, and his sons, died in battle with the Philistines the next day. King Saul had reigned over Israel for 40 years. [Acts 13:21]

a medium = a fortune teller, a psychic.

David, age 30, became king of Israel. King David went to the house of Abinadab in Kirjath Jarim and brought the Ark of God to Jerusalem. [Acts 13:21, 2 Sam 2:10, 5:4, 6:1-16]

970 BC

King David died at the age of 70. He reigned over Israel for 40 years. His son Solomon reigned in his place. [1 Kin 2:10-12]

966 BC

The First Temple Built

In the 480th year after the children of Israel had come out of Egypt, in the 4th year of his reign, King Solomon began to build the Temple of God. [1 Kin 6:1]

959 BC

The house of the Lord is finished. It took King Solomon 7 years to finish it. Then he started building his own palace.[1 Kin 6:2, 37-38] 

Sometime in his early reign King Solomon married an Egyptian Princess, daughter of Pharaoh Psusennes (r. c. 959-945 BC) of the of the 21st Dynasty. And he built her a house. [1 Kin 7:8]

946 BC

King Solomon finished building his palace. Whereas it took only 7 years to complete the house of God, it took him 13 years to finish his palace. [1 Kin 6:38; 7:1]

930 BC

King Solomon died. He reigned over Israel for 40 years. His son Rehoboam, age 41, reigned in his place. [1 Kin 11:42]
King Solomon was at least 60 years old, since his son was 41, when he died.

Israel Split: Kings of Israel and Judah

In this year Israel was split. King Rehoboam, reigned over Judah (J) only. Jeroboam I, son of Nebat and servant to King Solomon, ruled over the other 10 tribes of Israel (I). [1 Kin 11:42; 12:20]

King Jeroboam I was afraid that if his people went to Jerusalem to worship in the Temple that they would kill him and go back to King Rehoboam. So he made two calves of gold, and he said to the people, "It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Here are your gods, O Israel, which brought you up from the Land of Egypt!" He set one up in Bethel, and one in Dan. Now this thing became a sin, for the people went to worship before the one as far as Dan. Jeroboam I made shrines on the high places, and made priests from every class of people, who were not the sons of Levi. He ordained a feast on the 15th day of the 8th month, like the feast that was in Judah, and offered sacrifices on the altar. So he did at Bethel, sacrificing to the calves he had made.

A prophet went to Bethel and to King Jeroboam I as he stood by the altar to burn incense. The prophet cried out, "O altar, altar! Thus says the Lord: 'Behold, a child, Josiah by name, shall be born to the house of David; and on you he shall sacrifice the priests of the high places who burn incense on you, and men's bones shall be burned on you." [1 Kin 12:28-32; 13:1-2]

The designations I and II are used to alleviate any confusion that may be caused between this king and Jeroboam the son of King Jehoash of Israel. Also (J) = king of Judah, and (I) = king of Israel

925 BC

In the 5th year of Rehoboam's (J) reign, Pharaoh Shishak I of Egypt (r. c. 945-925) attacked Jerusalem. He took all the treasures of the Temple and the palace. [1 Kin 14:25-26]

914 BC

King Rehoboam (J) died at the age of 58. He reigned 17 years in Jerusalem. [1 Kin 14:21; 15:1]

913 BC

Abijam, son of King Rehoboam (J), began to reign in the 18th year of King Jeroboam I (I). [1 Kin 15:1]

911 BC

King Abijam (J) died, he reigned 3 years. His son, Asa, reigned in his place in the 20th year of King Jeroboam I (I).[1 Kin 15:2]

910 BC

Nadab, son of King Jeroboam I (I) became co-regent with his father in the 2nd year of King Asa (J) [1 Kin 15:25]

909 BC

King Jeroboam I (I) died. He reigned 22 years in Samaria. Nadab, his son, becomes king. [1 Kin 14:20]
King Nadab of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord by continuing his father's idolatry.
908 BC

After reigning 2 years, King Nadab (I), was killed by Baasha in the 3rd year of King Asa's (J) reign. Baasha reigned in his place. [1 Kin 15:25]

King Baasha of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord by continuing King Jeroboam I's idolatry.

886 BC

King Baasha (I) died, he reigned 24 years. His son Elah reigned in his place in the 26th year of King Asa's (J) reign. [1 Kin 15:33]

885 BC

King Elah (I) was killed by Zimri, commander of half his chariots [1 Kin 16:10]

Zimri reigned 7 days then died in the fire he set to burn down the palace of King Elah. [1 Kin 16:15, 18]

After the death of Zimri the people were divided. Half the people followed Omri (commander of the army) and half followed Tibni. So they co-ruled Israel for 4 years. [1 Kin 16:21]

881 BC

Tibni died and Omri became sole ruler of Israel in the 31st year of King Asa's (J) reign. [1 Kin 16:23]
King Omri of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord in continuing King Jeroboam I's idolatry. He did worse than all who were before him. [1 Kings 16:25-26]

874 BC

King Omri (I), died and was buried in Samaria. He reigned 12 years, 6 years in Tirzah. Ahab, his son, reigned in his place in the 38th year in the reign of King Asa (J). He reigned over Israel from Samaria. [1 Kings 16:28-29]

King Ahab married Jezebel the daughter of King Ethbaal of Sidon. King Ahab served Baal and worshiped him. He set up an altar for Baal in the temple of Baal, which he had built in Samaria. He made a wooden image. He did more to provoke the Lord to anger than all the kings who were before him. [1 Kings 16:30-33]

Elijah and Elisha were prophets of God in the days of King Ahab. [1 Kin 17:1]

Queen Jezebel massacred the prophets of the Lord. Obadiah who was in charge of King Ahab's house rescued 100 of the Lords prophets by hiding them in caves and feeding them bread and water. [1 Kings 18:3-4]

Elijah challenged 450 prophets of Baal to prove who was God, the Lord or Baal. The prophets of Baal lost, and Elijah executed them by the Brook Kishon. [1 Kings 18:21-40]

In the days of King Ahab, Hiel of Bethel built Jericho. He laid it foundation with Abiram his firstborn, and with his youngest son he set up its gates [1 Kings 16:34] 

Prophecy Fulfilled [Joshua 6:26]

871 BC

King Asa (J) died. He reigned 41 years in Jerusalem. His son, Jehoshaphat, reigned in his place in the 4th year of King Ahab (I). [1 Kin 22:41]

854 BC

Ahaziah, son of King Ahab (I), became regent in the 17th year of King Jehoshaphat (J). [1 Kin 22:51]

Joram (J), became regent of Judah.

853 BC

Jehoram, King Ahab's (I) son, became regent in the 2nd year of Joram's (J) regency, in the 18th year of King Jehoshaphat (J). [2 Kin 1:17]

Ahaziah (I), son of King Ahab, died when he fell through the lattice of his upper room. He was regent for 2 years. [1 Kin 22:51]

Three years has passed without war between Israel and Syria. In the 3rd year, King Jehoshaphat went to visit King Ahab. Ahab (I) decided he wanted the city of Ramoth in Gilead back from the Syrians and asked Jehoshaphat to join him in the battle. Ahab was told by Micaiah that he would not return and so was killed in battle by the Syrians in the 22nd year of his reign. Jehoram, his son, became king of Israel in the 18th year of King Jehoshaphat, the 2nd year of Joram's (J) regency.[1 Kin 16:29; 2 Kin 3:1]

847 BC

King Jehoshaphat (J) died at the age of 60. He reigned 25 years. His son Joram, age 32, became king in his place in the 5th year of King Jehoram (I). [2 Kin 8:16]

841 BC

Ahaziah, age 20, son of King Joram (J) became regent with his father in the 11th year of King Jehoram (I). [2 Kin 9:29]

The Lord struck King Joram (J) with an incurable intestinal disease. This was a prophecy given by Elijah in a letter. [2 Chron 21:12-18]

840 BC

King Joram (J), age 40, died in severe pain as his intestines came out because of his disease. His son, Ahaziah, reigned in his place in the 12th year of King Jehoram (I). [2 Kin 8:25]

King Ahaziah (J) and King Jehoram (I) were killed in battle by Jehu. Jehu anointed as King by Elijah. [2 Kin 9:24, 27]

When she heard of the death of her son King Ahaziah (J), Athaliah assumed the throne of Judah and killed all the royal heirs... except one. Joash, about 1 year old, was hidden in the Temple by King Ahaziah's sister, Jehosheba, and Jehoiada the priest. [2 Kin 11:1]

835 BC

Queen Athaliah (J) was executed by the Temple guard. She reigned 6 years. Joash, age 7, was crowned king of Judah in the 7th year of King Jehu (I). [2 Kin 11:3, 12:1]

821 BC

Prince Amaziah was born to King Joash of Judah and his wife Jehoaddan.

813 BC

King Jehu died. He reigned 28 years in Samaria. His son, Jehoahaz, reigned in his place in the 23rd year of King Joram (J). [2 Kin 10:36]

799 BC

Jehoash, son of King Jehoahaz (I), became regent, in the 37 year of King Joash (J). [2 Kin 13:10]
797 BC

King Jehoahaz (I) died. He reigned 17 years. His son Jehoash became king in his place. [2 Kin 13:1]

796 BC

King Joash (J) was murdered in his bed at the age of 47 by Jozachar and Jehozabad his servants. He reigned 40 years. His son Amaziah began to reign in his place in the 2nd year of King Jehoash (I). [2 Kin 12:21; 14:1]

793 BC

Jeroboam II, son of King Jehoash (I), became regent of Israel.

782 BC

King Jehoash (I) died. He reigned 16 years. His son, Jeroboam II, began to reign as king in his place in the 15th year of King Amaziah (J). [2 Kin 14:13]

780 BC

Azariah (Uzziah), son of King Amaziah (J), became regent of Judah.

776 BC

The first Olympic games were held. The only event was a "stade race" and was won by Koriobos of Elis.

768 BC

King Amaziah (J) died at the age of 54. He reigned 29 years. [1 Chr 25:1]

His son Azariah (Uzziah), age 16, became king in his place in the 27th year of King Jeroboam II (I). [2 Kin 15:1]

Amos was prophet of God during the reigns of King Uzziah (J) and the reign of King Jeroboam II (I)

The words of Amos, who was among the herdsmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Jehoash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake. [Amo 1:1]

Sometime between 768 BC and 742 BC there was a major earthquake in Israel.

742 BC

King Jeroboam II (I) died. He reigned 41 years. His son Zechariah reigned as king in his place in the 38th year of King Azariah (Uzziah) (J) [2 Kin 14:23]

741 BC

King Zechariah was killed by Shallum, son of Jabesh, in the 39th year of King Uzziah (J). [2 Kin 15:8]

Shallum assumed the throne of Israel. [2 Kin 15:8]

King Shallum murdered by Menahem in the 39th year of King Uzziah (J). He had reigned a full month in Samaria. Menahem reigned on the throne of Israel in Shallum's place. [2 Kin 15:17]

731 BC

King Menahem (I), died. He reigned 10 years in Samaria. [2 Kin 15:17]

King Uzziah tried to offer incense in the Temple of God and was struck by God with leprosy. His son Jotham became co-regent. [2 Chr 26:16-21]

730 BC

Pekahiah, son of King Menahem (I), became king in the 50th year of King Uzziah (J). [2 Kin 15:23]

729 BC

King Pekahiah (I) was killed by Pekah, son of Remaliah. He had reigned 2 years in Samaria. [2 Kin 15:23-25]

728 BC

Pekah became king of Israel in the 52nd year of King Uzziah (J). [2 Kin 15:27]

King Uzziah (J) died at the age of 68. He reigned 52 years. [2 Kin 15:2]

727 BC

Jotham, son of King Uzziah (J), age 25, became king in the 2nd year of King Pekah. [2 Kin 15:32]

713 BC

At age 20, Ahaz, son of King Jotham, became regent of Judah in the 17th year of King Pekah (I). [2 Kin 16:1]

709 BC

King Jotham (J) died. He reigned 20 years, 4 as co-regent. [2 Kin 16:30, 32-33]

King Pekah (I) killed by Hoshea, he had reigned 20 years. [2 Kin 16:27]

Hoshea (I) became king in the 20th year of King Jotham (J). [2 Kin 15:30]

707 BC

Hezekiah, son of King Ahaz (J), became regent 3rd year of Hoshea. [2 Kin 18:1]

703 BC

King Shalmaneser V of Assyria came and besieged Jerusalem in the 4th year of Hezekiah, which is the 7th year of King Hoshea. King Shalmaneser V died and was replaced by Sargon II. [2 Kin 18:9]

The empires of Ancient Assyria and Babylon are now modern Iraq.

701 BC

The Assyrian Captivity of the 10 Tribes of Israel

King Hoshea (I), and the 10 tribes of Israel in Samaria, were captured and taken to Assyria by Sargon II in the 9th year of Hoshea, which was the 6th year of Hezekiah. [2 Kin 18:10]

698 BC

King Ahaz (J) died at age 36. He reigned 16 years. [2 Kin 16:1]

Hezekiah, age 25, son of King Ahaz (J) became king. [2 Kin 16:20]

692 BC

King Hezekiah became sick and near death in the 14th year of his reign. The Lord healed him and added 15 years to his life. [2 Kin 18:13]

From The Sennacherib Prism: "In my third campaign I marched against Hatti. Luli, king of Sidon, whom the terror-inspiring glamor of my lordship had overwhelmed, fled far overseas and perished.... As to Hezekiah, the Jew, he did not submit to my yoke, I laid siege to his strong cities, walled forts, and countless small villages, and conquered them by means of well-stamped earth-ramps and battering-rams brought near the walls with an attack by foot soldiers, using mines, breeches as well as trenches. I drove out 200,150 people, young and old, male and female, horses, mules, donkeys, camels, big and small cattle beyond counting, and considered them slaves. Himself I made a prisoner in Jerusalem, his royal residence, like a bird in a cage. I surrounded him with earthwork in order to molest those who were his city's gate. Thus I reduced his country, but I still increased the tribute and the presents to me as overlord which I imposed upon him beyond the former tribute, to be delivered annually. Hezekiah himself, did send me, later, to Nineveh, my lordly city, together with 30 talents of gold, 800 talents of silver, precious stones, antimony, large cuts of red stone, couches inlaid with ivory, nimedu-chairs inlaid with ivory, elephant-hides, ebony-wood, boxwood and all kinds of valuable treasures, his own daughters and concubines..."

Source: - http://www.bible-history.com/empires/prism.html

"In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib, king of Assyria, went on an expedition against all the fortified cities of Judah and captured them. Hezekiah, king of Judah, sent this message to the king of Assyria at Lachish: "I have done wrong. Leave me, and I will pay whatever tribute you impose on me." The king of Assyria exacted three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold from Hezekiah, king of Judah. Hezekiah paid him all the funds there were in the temple of the Lord and in the palace treasuries...That night the angel of the Lord went forth and struck down 185,000 men in the Assyrian camp. Early the next morning, there they were, all the corpses of the dead. So Sennacherib, the king of Assyria, broke camp and went back home to Nineveh. When he was worshiping in the temple of his god Nisroch, his sons Adram-melech and Sharezer slew him with the sword and fled into the land of Ararat." [2 Kings 18-19]

But after he had proved his [Hezekiah's] fidelity by such deeds, Sennacherib, king of Assyria, came. He invaded Judah, besieged the fortified cities, and proposed to take them by storm.... His officials said still more against the Lord God and against his servant Hezekiah, for he had written letters to deride the Lord, the God of Israel... They spoke of the God of Israel as though he were one of the gods of the other peoples of the earth, a work of human hands. But because of this, King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah, son of Amos, prayed and called out to him. Then the Lord sent an angel, who destroyed every valiant warrior, leader and commander in the camp of the Assyrian king, so that he had to return shamefaced to his own country. And when he entered the temple of his own god, some of his own offspring struck him down there with the sword.

Source: - http://www.bible-history.com/empires/prism.html

691 BC

Manasseh (J), age 12, son of King Hezekiah (J) became regent of Judah.

679 BC

King Hezekiah (J) died at age 54. His son, Manasseh reigned in his place. [2 Kin 21:1]

The Prophet Nahum prophesied during the reign of King Manasseh.

637 BC

King Manasseh (J) died at the age of 66. He reigned 54 years. Then his son Amon, age 22, became king. [2 Kin 21:19]

636 BC

King Amon (J) died at age 24. He reigned 1 year. His son Josiah, age 8, became king in his place. [2 Kin 22:1]

The Prophets Zephaniah and Jeremiah prophesied during the reign of King Josiah.

623 BC

The Word of the Lord came to the Prophet Jeremiah, son of Hilkiah the priest, in the 13th year of King Josiah. [Jer 1:1]

606 BC

King Josiah (J) is killed at Megiddo by Pharaoh Necho II. He reigned 31 years. [2 Kin 23:29]

Jehoahaz, son of King Josiah, at the age of 23 was made king of Judah by the people. [2 Kin 23:30-31]
Jeremiah prophesied during the reign of King Jehoahaz.

Pharaoh Necho II made Eliakim, age 25, son of King Josiah (J) king, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. He became a vassal of King Nebuchadnezzar. [2 Kin 23:34]

Jeremiah, Daniel, and Habakkuk prophesied during the reign of King Jehoiakim.

King Jehoahaz was taken to Egypt by Pharaoh Necho II and he died there. [2 Kin 23:34]

The Babylonian Captivity

605 BC

King Nebuchadnezzar becomes king in Babylon. [2 Kin 25:8]
Picture of ancient Babylon

604 BC

In the 3rd year of King Jehoiakim, having been a vassal of King Nebuchadnezzar for 3 years, he rebelled. In the 2nd year of his reign, King Nebuchadnezzar came to Jerusalem and besieged it. he carried away some of the articles of the Temple and placed them in the temple of his god. Then he instructed Ashpenaz, master of his eunuchs, to bring some of the children of Israel and some of the king's descendants and some of the nobles, young men in whom there was no blemish, but good-looking, gifted in all wisdom, possessing knowledge and quick to understand, who had ability to serve in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the language and literature of the Chaldeans. Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah went to Babylon at this time and Babylonian names were given them... Belteshazzar, Shadrach, Meshach, Abed Nego. [Dan 1:1-6]

These are the first people to be carried into captivity. 

King Nebuchadnezzar had a vision of a statue with a head of fine gold, chest & arms of silver, thighs of bronze, legs partly of iron and partly of clay. [Dan 2:32-33]

In his 2nd year, King Nebuchadnezzar built his image of gold. It was 90 ft high and 9 ft wide. He demanded everyone bow down to it or be thrown alive into a fiery furnace. Hananiah (Shadrach), Mishael (Meshach), and Azariah (Abed Nego) refused and were thrown into the furnace, where one like the Son of God appeared with them. They came out untouched by the fire... to the amazement of the Babylonians. [Dan 3:22-26]

598 BC

In the 7th year of his reign King Nebuchadnezzar took 3,023 people captive to Babylon. [Jer 52:28]

597 BC

King Jehoiakim, age 36, was taken captive to Babylon by King Nebuchadnezzar. His son, Jehoiachin age 18, became king in his place. [2 Kin 24:7-8]

King Jehoiachin (J) reigned 3 months and 10 days, then King Nebuchadnezzar (8th year of his reign) took him, his mother, his wives, his servants, his princes, and his officers captive to Babylon. [2 Kin 24:12-15]
Jeremiah, Daniel & Ezekiel prophesied during the reign of King Jehoiachin.

King Nebuchadnezzar made Mattaniah, brother to Jehoiakim (and Jehoiachin's uncle), king in his place. He changed his name to Zedekiah. [2 Kin 24:17]

Jeremiah, Daniel, & Ezekiel prophesy during the reign of King Zedekiah.

10 January 588

In the 17th year of his reign, King Nebuchadnezzar and all his army came against Jerusalem and camped against it. They built a siege wall all around Jerusalem. Jerusalem was besieged until the 11th year of King Zedekiah. [2 Kin 25:1-2; Eze 24:1]

This was the 9th year, 10 month, 10th day of King Zedekiah's reign.

587 BC

In the 18th year of King Nebuchadnezzar's reign, he took 832 more people captive to Babylon. [Jer 52:29]

9 July 586 BC

By the 19th year of the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar, and the 11th year of King Zedekiah, the famine had become so severe in Jerusalem that there was no food for the people. The city wall was broken through, and all the men of war fled at night by way of the gate between two walls, which was by the king's garden, even though the Chaldeans were encamped all around against the city. King Zedekiah went by way of the plain. The army of the Chaldeans pursued the king, and they overtook him in the plains of Jericho. All his army was scattered from him. They took King Zedekiah and brought him to Nebuchadnezzar at Riblah, and they pronounced judgment on him. Then they killed the King Zedekiah's sons before his eyes, put out the eyes of King Zedekiah, bound him with bronze fetters, and took him to Babylon and put him in prison until the day of his death. [2 Kin 25:3-7; Jer 52:11]

7 August 586 BC

In the 5th month, on the 7th day of the month, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, came to Jerusalem. He burned the Temple and King Zedekiah's palace and all the houses of the great men of Jerusalem with fire. Then the army of the Chaldeans who were with Nebuzaradan broke down the walls of Jerusalem all around. [2 Kin 25:8-9]
King Solomon's Temple (the first temple) stood for 378 years (964-586). The 70 years of Babylonian captivity begins. From this date on, until 14 May 1948, Israel as a self-governing nation ceased to exist. The children of Israel were first referred to as Jews by the Babylonians.

582 BC

In the 23rd year of King Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, took 745 people captive to Babylon. [Jer 52:30]

No comments: